Voici quelques extraits d’un article en ligne du Time. Le jeu consiste à en trouver la date, ce qui est assez instructif.
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“For years U.S. educators have touted the potentialities of the computer as a teaching tool. Dartmouth Mathematician John G. Kemeny contends that « the computer revolution will be just as significant in education as the industrial revolution. » Now, computers have arrived on many campuses for programmed instruction, the solving of intricate problems by students, and the simulation of real-life situations in computer-controlled « games. » M.I.T.’s civil engineering department is so enthusiastic over computer-aided instruction that it divides history into « B.C. » and « A.C. » — before and after computers.”
“For Modern Man. The most common classroom use of the computer is to take over time-consuming drill in the basic definitions and concepts of a discipline. At the two-year-old Irvine campus of the University of California, which bills itself as « designed for the modern man, » 17 courses are partly taught by computer. In Geography I, for example, the machine leads students through such questions as: « How does geography’s focus differ from that of the other social sciences? » (Correct answer: « Geography is interested in the spatial impact of all categories of human behavior, whereas other disciplines tend to focus upon a single category. ») If the student respends with any or all of the key phrases in the answer, the computer replies « good, » or « excellent, » and proceeds to the next question.”
“The President’s committee estimates that 75% of all U.S. undergraduates are enrolled in courses in which a computer would be « very useful »—yet less than 5% of the students have « adequate » access to such machines. A recent survey by College Management magazine snowed that more than half of U.S. colleges (but only 12% of the universities) have no access to computers at all; only 16% of those that do are using the new, more practical, « third generation » computers. If the computer is really going to revolutionize education, the colleges are going to have to develop more flexible and sophisticated approaches to programmed instruction—and the Federal Government is going to have to decide whether it wants to put its money behind the computer as a teaching as well as a research tool.”
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